Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that deals specifically with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of injuries or illness resulting from sports, exercise or recreational activities. It also involves sports training which includes exercise and workouts, sports psychology and sports nutrition. Sports medicine may be a specialization of an orthopedic surgeon; however, sports medicine is not restricted to one profession.
The orthopedic sports medicine is an area under the sports medicine that focuses on identifying, preserving and restoring affected body structures of the musculoskeletal system via medical, surgical and rehabilitative approach.
A sports medicine specialist is an individual who receives specialized education and get the necessary training that focus on the medical and therapeutic side of sports and other physical and recreational activities. The specialist is not a physician. He or she could come from different disciplines or profession.
A sports medicine physician is a medical doctor who gets a specialized training in sports medicine which is a 1-2 years of additional training through an accredited subspecialty program. The sports medicine physician is a leader of the sports medicine team. The team would include physicians and surgeons, physical therapists, coaches, athletic trainers, parents, personnel and the athletes.
The sports medicine team may appoint a Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC) whose responsibilities includes providing first aid care, initiating treatment procedure, design and implementation of rehabilitative protocol, inventory and acquisition of supplies, applying techniques for athletes recuperation, and completion of medical and accidental forms.
The common sports medicine injuries are divided into two categories: acute and chronic. Acute injuries are those that are resulting from a sudden fall, collision, or a twist. Chronic injuries are those that results from an overuse of a body part in a repetitive stress. Some of these common sports injuries are ankle sprain, hamstring strain, knee injury, tennis elbow and shoulder injury.