Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (also spelled orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and non-surgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital conditions.

Practice

According to applications for board certification from 1999 to 2003, the top 25 most common procedures (in order) performed by orthopedic surgeons are as follows:

  • Knee arthroscopy and meniscectomy
  • Shoulder arthroscopy and decompression
  • Carpal tunnel release
  • Knee arthroscopy and chondroplasty
  • Removal of support implant
  • Knee arthroscopy and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • Knee replacement
  • Repair of femoral neck fracture
  • Repair of trochanteric fracture
  • Debridement of skin/muscle/bone/fracture
  • Knee arthroscopy repair of both menisci
  • Hip replacement
  • Shoulder arthroscopy/distal clavicle excision
  • Repair of rotator cuff tendon
  • Repair fracture of radius (bone)/ulna
  • Laminectomy
  • Repair of ankle fracture (bimalleolar type)
  • Shoulder arthroscopy and débridement
  • Lumbar spinal fusion
  • Repair fracture of the distal part of radius
  • Low back intervertebral disc surgery
  • Incise finger tendon sheath
  • Repair of ankle fracture (fibula)
  • Repair of femoral shaft fracture
  • Repair of trochanteric fracture