Neurology is an area of medical specialty that deals with various disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of many different diseases involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems. It includes the surrounding blood vessels, and all effected tissue and muscle in the affected area. Physicians that specialize in neurology are called neurologists, and they are trained to investigate, diagnose and treat a wide range of neurological disorders. Pediatric neurologists specialize in neurological disorders in children. Many neurologists are involved in clinical research and clinical trials as this is an area of medicine that is advancing every year. Some of the latest neurology procedures are now available to patients, for a wide variety of neurological disorders in both adults and children.
Patients suffering from chronic headaches and neck problems can have a neurological disorder causing the symptoms. Brain tumors and aneurysms are sometimes the cause of severe headaches and should be treated as early on as possible. If left undiagnosed, these conditions can be fatal but when they are treated early on, there is a good recovery rate for patients. Cerebral aneurysm is a serious disorder caused by a weakness in the wall of a brain artery and it can be congenital or it can occur from a pre-existing condition like hypertension or atherosclerosis. If it is promptly treated, patients can fully recover from a cerebral aneurysm.
Concussion is another neurological disorder that can affect patients that have suffered a sports injury or have had a recent car accident. It is generally caused by a direct blow to the head, but it can also occur after a sudden change in direction, causing the brain to strike against the inside of the skull. Whiplash from a car accident can cause concussion and it is not always obvious until 24 hours after the accident. If not treated concussion can lead to other problems, such as a period of amnesia, or not recalling what has happened. It is essential to the diagnosis of concussion for patients to tell the doctor if they have any unusual brain symptoms or pain after a severe blow to the head.